VNSTAT

Section: User Manuals (1)
Updated: OCTOBER 2018
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NAME

vnstat - a console-based network traffic monitor

 

SYNOPSIS

vnstat [-5bDedhlmqrstvwy?] [--add] [--begin date] [--config file] [--create] [--days [count]] [--delete] [--dbdir [directory]] [--debug] [--end date] [--fiveminutes [count]] [--help] [-hg] [--hours [count]] [--hoursgraph] [-i interface] [--iface interface] [--iflist] [--json [mode] [limit]] [--live [mode]] [--locale locale] [--longhelp] [--months [count]] [--oneline [mode]] [--query] [--rateunit [mode]] [--remove] [-ru [mode]] [--setalias alias] [--short] [--showconfig] [--style number] [--top [count]] [-tr [time]] [--traffic [time]] [--version] [--xml [mode] [limit]] [--years [count]]

 

DESCRIPTION

vnStat is a console-based network traffic monitor. It keeps a log of 5 minute interval, hourly, daily, monthly and yearly network traffic for the selected interface(s). However, it isn't a packet sniffer. The traffic information is read from the proc(5) or sys filesystems depending on availability. That way vnStat can be used even without root permissions on most systems.

The implementation is divided into two commands. The purpose of the vnstat command is to provide an interface for querying the traffic information stored in the database whereas the daemon vnstatd(1) is responsible for data retrieval, caching and storage. Although the daemon process is constantly running as a service, it is actually spending most of its time sleeping between data updates.

 

OPTIONS

--add
Create database entry for interface specified with -i or --iface option.

-b, --begin date
Begin the list output with a specific date / time defined by date instead of the begin being selected based on the number of entries to be shown. If date isn't available in the database then the closest later date will be used. date supports the following formats: YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM and YYYY-MM-DD. This option can only be used with --json , --xml and list outputs.

--config file
Use file as configuration file instead of using normal configuration file search functionality.

-d, --days [count]
Show traffic statistics on a daily basis for the last days. The length of the list will default to 30 entries unless configured otherwise or unless the optional count parameter is used. All entries stored in the database will be shown if count is set to 0.

--dbdir directory
Use directory as database directory instead of using the directory specified in the configuration file or the hardcoded default if no configuration file is available.

-D, --debug
Show additional debug output.

-e, --end date
End the list output with a specific date / time defined by date instead of the latest date / time in the database. If date isn't available in the database then the closest earlier date will be used. date supports the following formats: YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM and YYYY-MM-DD. This option can only be used with --json , --xml and list outputs. The top list also requires --begin to be used at the same time with this option.

-5, --fiveminutes [count]
Show traffic statistics on a 5 minute resolution for the last hours. The length of the list will default to 24 entries unless configured otherwise or unless the optional count parameter is used. All entries stored in the database will be shown if count is set to 0.

-h, --hours [count]
Show traffic statistics on a hourly basis. The length of the list will default to 24 entries unless configured otherwise or unless the optional count parameter is used. All entries store in the database will be shown if the count is set to 0.

-hg, --hoursgraph
Show traffic statistics on a hourly basis for the last 24 hours using a bar graph followed by a table representing the numerical data.

-i, --iface interface
Select one specific interface and apply actions to only it. For queries, it is possible to merge the information of two or more interfaces using the interface1+interface2+... syntax.

--iflist
Show list of currently available interfaces.

--json [mode] [limit]
Show database content for selected interface or all interfaces in json format. All traffic values in the output are in bytes. An optional mode parameter can be used for limiting the output to only selected information. Everything is shown by default. Setting mode to 'f' will output only 5 minute resolution entries, 'h' hours, 'd' days, 'm' months, 'y' years and 't' the top days. An optional limit parameter can be used to limit the number results to a given number of most recent entries. The --json option can be used in combination with -l, --live and -tr options without mode having any effect to the output.

-l, --live [mode]
Display current transfer rate for the selected interface in real time until interrupted. Statistics will be shown after interruption if the runtime was more than 10 seconds. An optional mode parameter can be used to select between the displaying of packets per second (mode 0) and transfer counters (mode 1) during execution. --style can also be used to affect the layout of the output. The output will be in json format if used in combination with --json option.

--locale locale
Use locale instead of using the locale setting specified in the configuration file or the system default if no configuration file is available.

--longhelp
Show complete options list.

-m, --months [count]
Show traffic statistics on a monthly basis for the last months. The length of the list will default to 12 entries unless configured otherwise or unless the optional count parameter is used. All entries stored in the database will be shown if count is set to 0.

--oneline [mode]
Show traffic summary for selected interface using one line with a parsable format. The output contains 15 fields with ; used as field delimiter. The 1st field contains the version information of the output that will be changed in future versions of vnStat if the field structure changes. The following fields in order 2) interface name, 3) timestamp for today, 4) rx for today, 5) tx for today, 6) total for today, 7) average traffic rate for today, 8) timestamp for current month, 9) rx for current month, 10) tx for current month, 11) total for current month, 12) average traffic rate for today, 13) all time total rx, 14) all time total tx, 15) all time total traffic. An optional mode parameter can be used to force all fields to output in bytes without the unit itself shown.

-q, --query
Force database query mode.

--remove
Delete the database entry for the interface specified with -i or --iface and stop monitoring it.

-ru, --rateunit [mode]
Swap the configured rate unit. If rate has been configured to be shown in bytes then rate will be shown in bits if this option is present. In the same way, if rate has been configured to be shown in bits then rate will be shown in bytes when this option is present. Alternatively, mode with either 0 or 1 can be used as parameter for this option in order to select between bytes (0) and bits (1) regardless of the configuration file setting.

--setalias alias
Set the selected interface alias as an alias that will be displayed in queries.

-s, --short
Use short output mode. This mode is also used when more than one interface is available in the database and no specific interface is selected.

--showconfig
Show current configuration using the same format as the configuration file itself uses.

--style number
Modify the content and style of outputs. Set number to 0 for a narrower output, 1 for enabling bar column, 2 for same as previous but with average traffic rate visible in summary output and 3 for enabling average traffic rate in all outputs where it is supported. 4 disables the use of terminal control characters in -l / --live mode.

-t, --top [count]
Show all time top traffic days. The length of the list will default to 10 entries unless configured otherwise or unless the optional count parameter is used. All entries stored in the database will be shown if count is set to 0. When used with --begin and optionally with --end, the list will be generated using the daily data instead of separate top entries. The availability of daily data defines the boundaries the date specific query can access.

-tr, --traffic [time]
Calculate how much traffic goes through the selected interface during the given time seconds. The time will be 5 seconds if a number parameter isn't specified. The output will be in json format if used in combination with --json option. However, in that case, the countdown before results isn't shown.

-v, --version
Show current version.

--xml [mode] [limit]
Show database content for selected interface or all interfaces in xml format. All traffic values in the output are in bytes. An optional mode parameter can be used for limiting the output to only selected information. Everything is shown by default. Setting mode to 'f' will output only 5 minute resolution entries, 'h' hours, 'd' days, 'm' months, 'y' years and 't' the top days. An optional limit parameter can be used to limit the number results to a given number of most recent entries.

-y, --years [count]
Show traffic statistics on a yearly basis for the last years. The list will show all entries by default unless configured otherwise or unless the optional count parameter is used. All entries stored in the database will also be shown if count is set to 0.

-?, --help
Show a command option summary.

 

FILES

/var/lib/vnstat/
Default database directory.

/etc/vnstat.conf
Config file that will be used unless $HOME/.vnstatrc exists. See vnstat.conf(5) for more information.

 

EXAMPLES

vnstat
Display traffic summary for the default interface or multiple interfaces when more than one is monitored.

vnstat -i eth2 --xml
Output all information about interface eth2 in xml format.

vnstat --json
Output all information of all monitored interfaces in json format.

vnstat -i eth0 --setalias local
Give interface eth0 the alias "local". That information will be later later visible as a label when eth0 is queried.

vnstat -i eth2 --remove
Delete database entries for interface eth2 and stop monitoring it.

 

RESTRICTIONS

Updates needs to be executed at least as often as it is possible for the interface to generate enough traffic to overflow the kernel interface traffic counter. Otherwise, it is possible that some traffic won't be seen. This isn't an issue for 64-bit kernels but at least one update every hour is always required in order to provide proper input. With 32-bit kernels, the maximum time between two updates depends on how fast the interface can transfer 4 GiB. Calculated theoretical times are:

10 Mbit: 54 minutes
100 Mbit: 5 minutes
1000 Mbit: 30 seconds

However, for 1000 Mbit interfaces updating once every minute is usually a usable solution if faster updates can't be used.

Virtual and aliased interfaces cannot be monitored because the kernel doesn't provide traffic information for that type of interfaces. Such interfaces are usually named eth0:0, eth0:1, eth0:2 etc. where eth0 is the actual interface being aliased.

Using long date output formats may cause misalignment in shown columns if the length of the date exceeds the fixed size allocation.

 

AUTHOR

Teemu Toivola <tst at iki dot fi>

 

SEE ALSO

vnstatd(1), vnstati(1), vnstat.conf(5), proc(5), ifconfig(8), units(7)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
FILES
EXAMPLES
RESTRICTIONS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 17:18:20 GMT, October 21, 2018